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  Les verbes  irréguliers

Les verbes irréguliers ci-dessous sont les plus courants.

- Les verbes suivis d'un astérisque peuvent aussi prendre une forme régulière. Par exemple le verbe learn peut aussi avoir learned comme forme du prétérit et du participe passé.

- Attention, une forme identique ne signifie pas absence de différence ou de "conjugaison": le verbe read, par exemple, se prononce d'une manière différente au présent [ri:d] d'une part, et au prétérit et participe passé [red] d'autre part.



Base verbale Prétérit Participe passé
A
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken *
B
be was / were been
bear bore borne
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broad­cast *
build built built
burn burnt burnt
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
C
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
D
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt dreamt *
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt dwelt *
E
eat ate eaten
F
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
fight fought fought
find found found
fit fit fit *
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbade for­bidden
forecast forecast forecast
foresee foresaw foreseen
foretell foretold foretold
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
G
get got got / gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
H
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
I
interweave interwove inter­woven *
K
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
knit knit knit *
know knew known
L
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant leant *
leap leapt leapt
learn learnt learnt *
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit lit
lose lost lost
M
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mistake mistook mis­taken
/misunderstand misunderstood mis­under­stood
mow mowed mown *
O
offset offset offset
overcome overcame over­come
overhear over­heard over­heard
oversleep overslept over­slept
overtake over­took over­taken
overthrow overthrew over­thrown
P
partake partook partaken
pay paid paid *
prove proved proven *
Q
quit quit quit *
R
read read read
redo redid redone
remake remade remade
rid rid rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
S
saw sawed sawn *
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn *
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaven *
shear sheared shorn *
shed shed shed
shine shone shone *
shoot shot shot
show showed shown *
shrink shrank / shrunk shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain *
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slink slunk slunk
slit slit slit
smell smelt smelt *
sneak snuck snuck *
sow sowed sown *
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped *
spell spelt spelt *
spend spent spent
spill spilt spilt *
spin spun spun
spit spit / spat spit / spat
split split split
spoil spoilt spoilt *
spread spread spread
spring sprang / sprung sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strew strewed strewn *
stride strode stridden
strike struck struck / stricken
string strung strung
strive strove striven *
swear swore sworn
sweat sweat sweat *
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen *
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
T
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trod / trodden
typewrite typewrote typewritten
U
undergo underwent undergone
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken
undo undid undone
uphold upheld upheld
upset upset upset
W
wake woke woken *
wear wore worn
weave wove woven *
wed wed wed *
weep wept wept
wet wet wet *
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
withhold withheld withheld
withstand withstood withstood
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written


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